The Odroid image and the Raspberry Pi image are different systems. The Odroid is based on Ubuntu, while the Raspberry one is based on Raspbian Jessie lite.
HiFiBerry sound boards were created for the Raspberry Pi and its interface. Here is an official statement by HiFiBerry support team member Daniel:
the DAC needs a special interface from the CPU called I2S. This is not available on the Odroid. You can plug it onto the Odroid, but it wont work. The Odroid misses the necessary interface. Therefore our boards won’t work with it.